Site-to-Site IPSEC VPN between Two Cisco ASA 5520

Cisco ASA 5500 Series appliances deliver IPsec and SSL VPN, firewall, and several other networking services on a single platform. Cisco ASA 5520, a member of the Cisco ASA 5500 Series, is shown in Figure 1 below.

Figure 1 Cisco Adaptive Security Appliance (ASA)

Cisco asa5520

Here we will focus on site-to-site IPsec implementation between two Cisco ASA 5520 appliances, as shown in Figure 2. The outside interface of ASA1 is assigned a dynamic IP address by the service provider over DHCP, while the outside interface of ASA2 is configured with a static IP address. Basic IP address configuration and connectivity exists and we will build IPsec configuration on top of this. Although this tutorial was tested on ASA5520, the configuration commands are exactly the same for the other ASA models with no difference.

Figure 2 Cisco ASA-ASA IPsec Implementation

Cisco ASA-ASA IPsec Implementation

IP Security (IPsec) can use Internet Key Exchange (IKE) for key management and tunnel negotiation. IKE involves a combination of ISAKMP/Phase 1 and IPsec/Phase 2 attributes that are negotiated between peers. If any one of the attributes is misconfigured, the IPsec tunnel fails to establish. Therefore, it is mandatory to make sure that all these parameters are identical on the two appliances we are using as IPsec peers.

We will start with a pre-configuration checklist to make our life easier. This checklist would serve as a reference for configuration and troubleshooting.

Table 1 Configuration Checklist: ISAKMP/Phase-1 Attributes

Attribute Value
Encryption AES 128-bit
Hashing SHA-1
Authentication method Preshared keys
DH group Group 2 1024-bit field
Lifetime 86,400 seconds

After discussing Phase 1 attributes, it is important to highlight Phase 2 attributes of the IPsec VPN connection that are used to encrypt and decrypt the actual data traffic.

Table 2 Configuration Checklist: IPsec/Phase-2 Attributes

Attribute Value
Encryption AES 128-bit
Hashing SHA-1
Lifetime 28,800 seconds4,608,000 kB
Mode Tunnel
PFS group None

Now that we have determined what Phase 1 and Phase 2 attributes to use, we’re ready to configure the site-to-site IPsec tunnel between ASA1 and ASA2.

Let’s start with configuring ASA1:

! ISAKMP Phase 1

crypto ikev1 policy 10
authentication pre-share
encryption aes
hash sha
group 2
lifetime 86400

!
crypto ikev1 enable outside
tunnel-group 173.199.183.2 type ipsec-l2l
tunnel-group 173.199.183.2 ipsec-attributes
ikev1 pre-shared-key Cisc0

! IPsec Phase 2

access-list RED permit ip 192.168.1.0 255.255.255.0 10.0.0.0 255.255.255.0
crypto ipsec ikev1 transform-set ESP-AES128-SHA esp-aes esp-sha-hmac
crypto map VPN-MAP 10 match address RED
crypto map VPN-MAP 10 set peer 173.199.183.2
crypto map VPN-MAP 10 set ikev1 transform-set ESP-AES128-SHA
crypto map VPN-MAP interface outside

Here goes the configuration for ASA2:

! Create ISAKMP policy

crypto ikev1 policy 10
authentication pre-share
encryption aes
hash sha
group 2
lifetime 86400
crypto ikev1 enable outside

! Define the pre-shared key within the dynamic map tunnel group

tunnel-group DefaultL2LGroup ipsec-attributes
ikev1 pre-shared-key Cisc0
!
crypto ipsec ikev1 transform-set ESP-AES128-SHA esp-aes esp-sha-hmac

access-list BLUE permit ip 10.0.0.0 255.255.255.0 192.168.1.0 255.255.255.0

! Create a dynamic-map

crypto dynamic-map DYN-MAP 20 match address BLUE (OPTIONAL)
crypto dynamic-map DYN-MAP 20 set ikev1 transform-set ESP-AES128-SHA

! Assign the dynamic-map to crypto map

crypto map VPN-MAP 10 ipsec-isakmp dynamic DYN-MAP
crypto map VPN-MAP interface outside

The above commands conclude the IPSEC VPN configuration. However, if we have NAT in our network (which is true most of the times), we still have some way to go. We must configure NAT exemption for VPN traffic. That is, traffic that will pass through the VPN tunnel (i.e traffic between the LAN networks 192.168.1.0/24 10.0.0.0/24) must be excluded from NAT operation.

Configure NAT Exemption on ASA1

ASA1(config)# object network obj-local
ASA1(config-network-object)# subnet 192.168.1.0 255.255.255.0
ASA1(config-network-object)# exit

ASA1(config)# object network obj-remote
ASA1(config-network-object)# subnet 10.0.0.0 255.255.255.0
ASA1(config-network-object)# exit

ASA1(config)# object network internal-lan
ASA1(config-network-object)# subnet 192.168.1.0 255.255.255.0
ASA1(config-network-object)# exit

! Exclude traffic from LAN1 to LAN2 from NAT operation

ASA1(config)# nat (inside,outside) source static obj-local obj-local destination static obj-remote obj-remote

! Configure Port Address Translation (PAT) using the outside ASA interface. This will perform dynamic NAT on internal LAN hosts so that they can access the Internet.

ASA1(config)# object network internal-lan
ASA1(config-network-object)# nat (inside,outside) dynamic interface

Configure NAT Exemption on ASA2

ASA2(config)# object network obj-local
ASA2(config-network-object)# subnet 10.0.0.0 255.255.255.0
ASA2(config-network-object)# exit

ASA2(config)# object network obj-remote
ASA2(config-network-object)# subnet 192.168.1.0 255.255.255.0
ASA2(config-network-object)# exit

ASA2(config)# object network internal-lan
ASA2(config-network-object)# subnet 10.0.0.0 255.255.255.0
ASA2(config-network-object)# exit

! Exclude traffic from LAN2 to LAN1 from NAT operation

ASA2(config)# nat (inside,outside) source static obj-local obj-local destination static obj-remote obj-remote

! Configure Port Address Translation (PAT) using the outside ASA interface. This will perform dynamic NAT on internal LAN hosts so that they can access the Internet.

ASA2(config)# object network internal-lan
ASA2(config-network-object)# nat (inside,outside) dynamic interface

At this point our IPsec configuration is complete. We can generate some traffic from a host in subnet 192.168.1.0/24 connected to ASA1 to a host in subnet 10.0.0.0/24 connected to ASA2. An easy way to generate such traffic is the good old ping utility. If ping is successful between the two subnets, an IPsec tunnel is also likely to have established successfully. The same can be verified using command show crypto ipsec stats:

ASA1# show crypto ipsec stats

IPsec Global Statistics
———————–
Active tunnels: 1
Previous tunnels: 1
Inbound
Bytes: 400
Decompressed bytes: 400
Packets: 4
Dropped packets: 0
Replay failures: 0
Authentications: 4
Authentication failures: 0
Decryptions: 4
Decryption failures: 0
Decapsulated fragments needing reassembly: 0

Outbound
Bytes: 400
Uncompressed bytes: 400
Packets: 4
Dropped packets: 0
Authentications: 4
Authentication failures: 0
Encryptions: 4
Encryption failures: 0
Fragmentation successes: 0
Pre-fragmentation successses: 0
Post-fragmentation successes: 0
Fragmentation failures: 0
Pre-fragmentation failures: 0
Post-fragmentation failures: 0
Fragments created: 0
PMTUs sent: 0
PMTUs rcvd: 0
Protocol failures: 0
Missing SA failures: 0
System capacity failures: 0

You can get your hands dirty with several other show crypto commands available to verify configuration and view statistics. For example, show crypto isakmp sa detail command can be used to verify ISAKMP/Phase 1 attributes, while show crypto ipsec sa command can be used to verify IPsec/Phase 2 attributes. We have shown here the output for show crypto isakmp sa detail command:

ASA1# show crypto isakmp sa detail

Active SA: 1
Rekey SA: 0 (A tunnel will report 1 Active and 1 Rekey SA during rekey)
Total IKE SA: 1

1   IKE Peer: 173.199.183.2

Type    : L2L             Role    : initiator
Rekey   : no              State   : MM_ACTIVE
Encrypt : aes             Hash    : SHA
Auth    : preshared       Lifetime: 86400
Lifetime Remaining: 85998

—Resource from http://www.networkstraining.com/site-to-site-ipsec-vpn-between-two-cisco-asa/

More Related Topics:

How to Configure Dual ISP on Cisco ASA 5505?

Example Show: How to Configure a Cisco ASA 5540 for Video Conferencing for Polycom Device?

VLAN Sub-Interfaces on Cisco ASA 5500 Firewall Configuration

Cisco ASA Firewall Licensing

How to Configure Cisco ASA 5505 Firewall?

Cisco ASA 8.4 vs. Typical NAT/PAT Configuration

How to Set Up IPSec Direct Encapsulation on Cisco Devices?

How to Configure GRE over an IPSec Tunnel on Routers?

Share This Post

Post Comment