Layer-3 Switching or Layer-2 Switching?

Have you ever faced designing a campus network or similar network of hospitals, factories and organizations? How to design a better network? What factors you need to count in? Here we found a case study provided by Ivan Pepelnjak (CCIE…
OSPFv3 vs. OSPFv2 Routing Protocol

This article outlines few comparisons of OSPFv3 and OSPFv2 Routing Protocol. OSPFv3 has few similarities with that of IPv4 version i.e. OSPFv2 in some ways, like Packet Type, Interface Type, Neighbor Discovery Pattern, LSA flooding & aging. OSPFv3 and v2…
How to Troubleshoot OSPFv3 Frame-Relay?

Open Shortest Path First (OSPFv3) is a link state protocol that supports IPv6 and as well as IPv4. OSPF version 3 differs from OSPF version 2 for IPv4 as some changes have been incorporated to facilitate IPv6. This article demonstrates how…
Conditional Route Origination in OSPF Domain

Cisco device uses “default-information originate” statement to generate a default route in OSPF domain. There are two ways to originate default route by using this command: 1) When you configure “default-information originate”  under OSPF process  without any argument after this statement, OSPF process…
EIGRP on a Cisco ASA Firewall Configuration

The Cisco Adaptive Security Appliance is an integrated security equipment that can perform a variety of functions like firewall, intrusion prevention, VPN, content security, unified communications, and remote access. Among these functions, the ASA can also perform routing using popular…
Understanding Different Router Numbers

Many of the routing protocols implemented in Cisco’s IOS require a number to follow the command that enables the routing protocol in question. For example: “router eigrp 1,” “router bgp 1” or “router ospf 1”. If you’re new to routing,…
How to Configure OSPF on Cisco Routers?

OSPF (Open Shortest Path First) is a routing protocol developed by Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). OSPF is standards-based which means it is available on routers by Cisco as well as other vendors, making it a vendor-neutral routing protocol. This…
How to Troubleshoot OSPF?

OSPF is one of our more complicated routing protocols, and it can be pretty intimidating, especially at first. But once you have mastered how to configure this Link State Protocol, the first thing you realize is that it is built…

OSPF is an interior gateway protocol that routes Internet Protocol (IP) packets solely within a single routing domain (autonomous system). It gathers link state information from available routers and constructs a topology map of the network. The topology determines the…