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Cisco Router Auxiliary, Console and Telnet Passwords Setup

There are five passwords used to secure your Cisco routers: console, auxiliary, telnet (VTY), enable password, and enable secret. Just as you learned earlier in the chapter, the first two passwords are used to set your enable password that’s used to secure privileged mode. This will prompt a user for a password when the enable command is used. The other three are used to configure a password when user mode is accessed either through the console port, through the auxiliary port, or via Telnet.how to Setup Cisco Router Auxiliary, Console and Telnet Passwords

Cisco Router Auxiliary Password Setup

To configure the auxiliary password, go into global configuration mode and type line aux ?.You can see here that you only get a choice of 0–0 (that’s because there’s only one port)

Router#config t

Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.

Router(config)#line aux ?

<0-0> First Line number

Router(config)#line aux 0

Router(config-line)#login

Router(config-line)#password admin

It’s important to remember the login command, or the auxiliary port won’t prompt for authentication.Now watch what happens when you try to set the Aux on the “newer” IOS that Cisco has released

2600A#config t

Enter configuration commands, one per line. End with CNTL/Z.

2600A(config)#line aux 0

2600A(config-line)#login

% Login disabled on line 65, until ‘password’ is set

2600A(config-line)#

Cisco has begun this process of not letting you set the “login” command before a password is set on a line because if you set the login command under a line, and then don’t set a password, the line won’t be usable. And it will prompt for a password that doesn’t exist. So this is a good thing—a feature, not a hassle!

 

Cisco Router Console Password Setup

To set the console password, use the line console 0 command. But look at what happened when I tried to type line console 0 ? from the aux line configuration—you should received an error.You can still type line console 0 and it will accept it, but the help screens just don’t work from that prompt. Type exit to get back one level and you’ll find that your help screens now work. This is a “feature.” Really.

Example

Router(config-line)#line console ?

% Unrecognized command

Router(config-line)#exit

Router(config)#line console ?

<0-0> First Line number

Router(config)#line console 0

Router(config-line)# password admin1

Router(config-line)# login

Since there’s only one console port, you can only choose line console 0. You can set all your line passwords to the same password, but for security reasons, I’d recommend that you make them different.

There are a few other important commands to know for the console port.

For one, the exec-timeout 0 0 command sets the timeout for the console EXEC session to zero, which basically means to never time out. The default timeout is 10 minutes. (If you’re feeling mischievous, try this on people at work: Set it to 0 1. That will make the console time out in 1 second! And to fix it, you have to continually press the Down arrow key while changing the timeout time with your free hand!)

Logging synchronous is a very cool command, and it should be a default command, but it’s not. It stops annoying console messages from popping up and disrupting the input you’re trying to type. The messages still pop up, but you are returned to your router prompt without your input interrupted. This makes your input messages oh-so-much easier to read.

Here’s an example of how to configure both commands

Router(config)#line con 0

Router(config-line)#exec-timeout ?

<0-35791> Timeout in minutes

Router(config-line)#exec-timeout 0 ?

<0-2147483> Timeout in seconds

 

Router(config-line)#exec-timeout 0 0

Router(config-line)#logging synchronous

 

Cisco Router Telnet Password Setup

To set the user-mode password for Telnet access into the router, use the line vty command. Routers that aren’t running the Enterprise edition of the Cisco IOS default to five VTY lines, 0 through 4. But if you have the Enterprise edition, you’ll have significantly more. The best way to find out how many lines you have is to use that question mark

Router(config-line)#line vty 0 ?

<1-4> Last Line Number

 

Router(config-line)#line vty 0 4

Router(config-line)# password admin2

Router(config-line)# login

You may or may not have to set the login command before the password on the VTY lines—depends on the IOS version. The result is the same either way.

So what will happen if you try to telnet into a router that doesn’t have a VTY password set? You’ll receive an error stating that the connection is refused because, well, the password isn’t set. So, if you telnet into a router and receive this message

Router#telnet SFRouter

Trying SFRouter (10.0.0.1)…Open

Password required, but none set

[Connection to SFRouter closed by foreign host]

Router#

Then the remote router (SFRouter in this example) does not have the VTY (telnet) password set. But you can get around this and tell the router to allow Telnet connections without a password by using the no login command

Router(config-line)#line vty 0 4

Router(config-line)#no login

After your routers are configured with an IP address, you can use the Telnet program to configure and check your routers instead of having to use a console cable. You can use the Telnet program by typing telnet from any command prompt (DOS or Cisco).

—Original tutorial & Comment discussion from debianadmin.com

 

Resources from Cisco.com

Telnet, Console and AUX Port Passwords on Cisco Routers Configuration Example

Configuring Telnet, console, and AUX port passwords

More Cisco Router Tutorials:

How to Recover Password on Cisco router/Switch?

How to Connect 2 WAN, 1 LAN through a Cisco router

What Are the Basic Cisco Router Commands?

How to Reset a Cisco 3900 Router?

Filed in: Cisco Routers, Hardware, Network Management, Networking, Reviews, Router, Technology Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

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