Although Cisco ASA by default ships with a configuration that already includes 2 preconfigured networks, (Outside network and Inside network configured to 192.168.1.0 subnet with configured DHCP server), which provides an easy way for establishing initial connection over Ethernet, there might be times when this method is not suitable. (For example if you have done some configuration mistakes in the past and can’t access device via network or have a different network configuration setup).
To connect to Cisco ASA firewall, and setup initial configuration, use a blue serial console cable (sometime refereed as rollover cable with PC Terminal Adapter) that came in the package with your device. Connect the serial port of console cable to your RS232 DB9 serial port on your laptop or PC, and the other end of the cable (RJ45) connect to the console port on the ASA. (The older cables have a grey network to serial converter that plugs on the end.) For connection, use a communication utility – terminal emulation program like HyperTerminal if using Windows, or Minicom if using Linux. Also you can use programs like Putty, TeraTerm or some other application that supports terminal emulation and local serial line connection.
Once initial connection setting on the ASA are successfully configured, protocols such as telnet, SSH, or HTTP(s) web base connection can also be used to connect to device.
For connecting over console port, use this serial line setting on the terminal emulation program:
Console Port Settings
Baud rate: 9600
Data bits: 8
Stop bits: 1
Flow control: none
USB to Serial Connector
If you don’t have a serial port on your laptop, you can use a USB-to-serial converter adapter with DB9 at the one and USB connector at the other end of the cable (like the one on the picture below). For this you will have to install driver which adds another COM (serial) port on your PC. This way you will be able to connect to console port from laptop’s USB interface. (The driver usually comes in package with USB-to-serial converter, and installation is pretty simple.)
Steps to Connect to Cisco ASA
1. Connect a console port on the Cisco ASA to the serial port on Your laptop/PC with the blue console cable. (If you don’t have a console port on your PC, use USB-to-serial adapter connector, see above):
2. Open terminal emulation program like HyperTerminal, TerraTerm or Putty, and onnect to COM serial port on PC (port should be created automatically from the driver):
3. On successful connection You should see ASA command line CLI prompt:
(From CLI You are able to do some basic and advanced ASA firewall configuration.)
ASDM Web Access Guide:
1. On the PC connected to the ASA, launch a web browser.
2. In the Address field, enter the following (default) URL: https://192.168.1.1/admin
3. Run Startup Wizard
(notice that by default username and password are not set so if you are connecting for the first time, leave them empty)
—Reference article from https://www.ittutorials.org/connecting_asa.html
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